The Academy is both a learned society and an organisation of national research institutes. The Academy Board defines the overall policy and budget. Day-to-day management and overall responsibility is entrusted to the director of general affairs. The director of research is responsible for the policy of the Academy's research organisation.
The society consists of four domains:
- Behavioural Sciences, Social Sciences and Law Domain
- Humanities Domain
- Medical, Biomedical and Health Sciences Domain
- Natural Sciences and Engineering Domain.
The General Meeting elects the Academy Board from among its members and adopts the Academy’s rules and regulations.
The Young Academy
The Young Academy is a platform of fifty young researchers (25-45 years of age) who are among the leading scientists and scholars in their fields. It organises inspiring activities focusing on interdisciplinarity, science policy, and the interface between science and society. Although facilitated by the Academy, the Young Academy operates independently.
Society of Arts
The Royal Academy founded the Society of Arts in 2014. The Society will give artists a place to share ideas with professionals in science and other artistic disciplines. It will also offer them a forum for discussing the role of art in society and the relationship between art and science.
Board of Management
The director general has overall responsibility for day-to-day management of the Academy.
The Staff Department assists the director general. The Academy Bureau has a staff of approximately 130.
- support the Academy Board and Board of Management in their policy-making and policy implementation work
- support the learned society
- help the research institutes with such matters as finances, human resources, IT and communication
- prepare advisory reports and assist the advisory councils and committees
- develop and implement the Academy’s communication policy
- assist the Academy’s juries and panels and organise award ceremonies
- manage the Trippenhuis Building (a listed building) and the premises of the various research institutes.
The Academy is responsible for fifteen research institutes that together employ about 1,300 staff. The institutes are active in the humanities, the social sciences and the life sciences; one works at the interface of science and government policy. The institutes investigate a wide variety of subjects, ranging from the history of the Second World War to stem cells, from the phenomenon of sleep to the Frisian language, and from the Great Tit population to medieval manuscripts. The Academy institutes play a leading role in Dutch research. They serve as national centres of expertise, manage unique infrastructures, and provide access to world-famous collections.