The Academy is both a learned society and an organisation of national research institutes. The Academy Board defines the overall policy and budget. Day-to-day management and overall responsibility is entrusted to the director of general affairs. The director of research is responsible for the policy of the Academy's research organisation.
The society consists of two divisions: the Humanities and Social Sciences Division and the Science Division. Both divisions have their own board. The Joint Meeting of Members – i.e. the memberships of the two divisions – takes place once a year. The Joint Meeting elects the Academy Board from among its members and adopts the Academy’s rules and regulations.
Humanities and Social Sciences Division
This division covers the humanities, law, behavioural sciences and social sciences.
This division covers mathematics, physics, life sciences and technical sciences.
Board of Management
The Board of Management consists of the director general and the director of research. The director general has overall responsibility for day-to-day management of the Academy. The director of research bears primary responsibility for the Academy’s research division. That division consists of fifteen research institutes.
The Staff Department assists the Board of Management.
The Young Academy
The Young Academy is a platform of fifty young researchers (25-45 years of age) who are among the leading scientists and scholars in their fields. It organises inspiring activities focusing on interdisciplinarity, science policy, and the interface between science and society. Although facilitated by the Academy, the Young Academy operates independently.
Society of Arts
The Royal Academy founded the Society of Arts in 2014. The Society will give artists a place to share ideas with professionals in science and other artistic disciplines. It will also offer them a forum for discussing the role of art in society and the relationship between art and science.