Further, the changes in the religious landscape between the post-Maurya and Gupta--Vākāṭaka periods -- from one dominated by burgeoning Buddhist establishments to a close monarchical embrace with Brāhmaṇas, Vaiṣṇavism and Śaivism – can only be understood by making inferences that go beyond what is directly visible in the epigraphic and archaeological record.
About Upinder Singh
The interests of Upinder Singh range over various aspects of ancient Indian history and archaeology, the history of ideas, and India’s interactions with the wider world. She is the author of Kings, Brāhmaṇas, and Temples in Orissa: An Epigraphic Study (AD 300–1147) (1994), Ancient Delhi (1999), The Discovery of Ancient India: Early Archaeologists and the Beginnings of Archaeology (2004), A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the Twelfth Century (2008), The Idea of Ancient India: Essays on Religion, Politics, and Archaeology (2016), and Political Violence in Ancient India (2017). She has edited Delhi: Ancient History (2006), Rethinking Early Medieval India (2011); and has co-edited Ancient India: New Research (2009), Asian Encounters: Exploring Connected Histories (2014), and Buddhism in Asia: Revival and Reinvention (2019). Her most recent books, published in 2021, are The World of India’s First Archaeologist: Letters from Alexander Cunningham to J.D.M. Beglar and Ancient India: Culture of Contradictions.